Tuesday, July 11, 2017 RD 1 of Districts in Reinbeck vs GMG, Wolverines (11-14) Hudson started off postseason play with GMG. This game took place in Reinbeck, as the Rebels would play host for half of the first round districts. […]
by junior Abby Lashbrook On May 31, at-risk coordinator Jeff Bell presented junior high language teacher Chris Dvorak and her 2016 Pirate Term, Crafters: On A Mission, a certificate of appreciation from the members from the 185th CSSB in Afghanistan. “It’s […]
by Grace Jorgensen On Sunday, May 21st, 34 seniors graduated from Hudson High School. Although small in numbers, the class achieved many accomplishments. Two seniors committed to continuing their sport careers in Division I athletics, four led the Hudson Volleyball […]
The Hudson High School newspaper, THE PIRATE PRESS, has been named an All-Iowa News Team Finalist by the Iowa High School Press Association (IHSPA). This is the first year for this competition. The top five newspapers in Class A, Class […]
On May 10th at the Senior Awards Assembly, the Hudson Educational Fund awarded 39 scholarships to 21 deserving students for a total of $21,950. Thank you to our generous HEF donors who continue to impact the futures of so many […]
Pirate Term is right around the corner. Pirate term is concept based learning opportunity that takes place at the end of the school year (some of you may be familiar with May Term at the college level). Don’t mistake concept […]
Voss Blog Log
Education in Iowa Public Schools
Dr. Anthony D. Voss, Superintendent of Schools
Currently three basic options exist for meeting the needs of school district infrastructure projects. We can either issue general obligation bonds, revenue bonds, or adopt a pay as you go philosophy. Since we paid off our general obligation bonds for the high school a few years back, we have adopted a pay as you go philosophy.
Issuing general obligation bonds requires a vote of the public and must be approved by 60%, or what is known as a super-majority. The super-majority creates a very high bar for passage and it is quite common for these type of funding options to take several attempts to gain voter approval. In many cases, projects tend to be scaled back in order to be passed. The reason these issues are so difficult to pass is that they usually come with a property tax increase. If you watch the news on the night of a special election, it is not uncommon to see general obligation questions fail, not because they didn't have the majority vote, but because they didn't reach that 60% majority. I have seen these referendums fail with a 59.99% approval--missing passage by only a couple of votes!
|View from the East end of the new ADA ramp right after|
the concrete was poured.
As I mentioned above, at this time Hudson has adopted a pay as you go philosophy. Quite simply that means the board has elected to complete projects as funds become available. But, our needs are just as significant as those of school districts who are building new buildings! This is clearly illustrated by the very significant renovations that are occurring in our elementary school this summer. Our early childhood wing classrooms are all being updated with new windows, air conditioning, lighting, and ceilings. On top of that, we are installing a new ADA accessible ramp and restroom on the South end of the competition gym. This pay as you go project is budgeted at right around $579,000. Next year the board plans to move on to phase two of what will end up being a three or four phase project over the next several years. When finished, we will essentially have remodeled and renovated our entire elementary attendance center.
When we finish our elementary project it will be time to move on to the high school building. You know, people still refer to that building as the 'new high school'? Were you aware the new high school is 20 years old this year? Like our homes need maintenance and updating, so to do our schools! We have already started to replace sections of the roof on the building, and certainly our mechanical systems will start to reach the end of their life in the next several years. That is why it is so important that we have a dependable source of revenue for our school budgets with which to address infrastructure needs.
|In this photo I am reminding legislators that|
our new high school is 20 years old.
In the future, I am uncertain as to whether the board will continue with a pay as you go philosophy. We certainly don't want to handcuff future boards or administrations from making decisions that make the most fiscal sense at that time. The one thing I do know for certain is that our facility needs will never go away. We will finish one project and then move on to another. While I am relatively confident this board has no appetite for a general obligation bond, it is somewhat interesting that the number of school districts bringing bond referendums to voters is on the rise. According to the Cedar Rapids Gazette, the number of bond issues was 24 this last year, up from 14 in 2008-2009. The article goes on to surmise this is due to the uncertainty of the SAVE. I don't think we will ever eliminate the need for school districts to bring general obligation referendums to voters. Each school district in Iowa is unique and has its own philosophy and needs for the citizens and students it serves. But as a practical matter, one way to reduce the number of general obligation bond issues is to restore certainty that SAVE will be there in the future. It certainly will have a positive impact on property taxes.
The question of course became, once the need is met, what happens to the remainder of the funds? Well, in Hudson and most other school districts it becomes part of a reserve fund balance like those mentioned above. Since it can only be used for a specified purpose, it has to sit until such a time the district can figure out how to use it for that specified purpose. Often times this can, and has been to the detriment of other needs in the district. It is entirely conceivable that some investments are delayed or scrapped in school districts because there isn't any money available--at the same time the district is sitting on a $265,529.97 reserve fund balance.
Furthermore, in my opinion it would be a complete waste of tax dollars if we were to spend down these reserves on the specified purposes outlined in the Code if they weren't really needed. That is why for the past several years, our school board has advocated for greater flexibility when it comes to utilizing these categorical funds. You may recall over this last school year we had to work incredibly hard to secure permission to use existing funding to start our preschool program. We had to jump through some pretty significant hoops and get permission to invest resources that we already had--all because of the constraints within our categorical funds.
Our request and advocacy really focused on two areas when it came to flexibility. One: we wanted to expand the menu of items that could be fit into each categorical fund. As one example, when it comes to At-Risk and Dropout prevention programs, I argued that guidance counselors should be an allowable expenditure for these funds. Interestingly enough, some school districts were allowed to do this while others may have perhaps only been able to fund fractional FTE through this fund. It didn't make sense and appeared to be inconsistent around the state. Two: we believed that if a school district had satisfied and could demonstrate that a need had been met, any remaining funds should be able to be captured and redirected to other needs in the school district.
Representative Walt Rogers, who chairs the House Education Committee provided valuable leadership during this past session, shepherding these bills through the legislative process. Because of his work, and his colleagues on both sides of the aisle, these bills gained traction and were signed into law with the passage of HF 564 and HF 565. Interestingly enough, both bills passes on a 98-0 vote in the House and a 49-0 vote in the Senate. Since we had been advocating for several years on this issue, I wonder why they finally passed with such ease this year? Truthfully it shouldn't have been all that surprising. In the past, every legislator I talked to thought these were reasonable ideas and supported them. The final vote clearly shows these laws had broad bi-partisan support. Heck, how many times do we EVER get a law changed [basically] unanimously? Hopefully all our legislators can hang their hats on that and agree to work in a bi-partisan manner come January.